Dragon Fruit (aka Pitaya)

Dragon Fruit (red variety)

Dragon Fruit (aka Pitaya)

Hylocereus Undatus – White variety
Hylocereus Polyrhizus- Red variety

The generic name for Dragon Fruit is “Pitaya” as it is known in North America. Dragon Fruit is relatively new to Malaysia. It originated from Central America and it was brought into Vietnam by the US Army during the Vietnam War. Since then, it has been cultivated commercially in large scale farms in Vietnam.

Dragon Fruits (Red variety)

Dragon Fruits (Red variety)

Harvesting Period
The optimal harvesting times vary between 25th and 28th days after flowering for export fruit, and 29-30th days after flowering for local markets.

Uses of Dragon Fruit
Dragon fruit is usually chilled and eaten fresh. It’s flesh is bland to sweet in taste and quite refreshing. It can also be used in the preparation of cocktails and refreshments. Other experimental uses include ice cream and wine.

Dragon Fruits (white variety)

Dragon Fruits (white variety)

Quality Criteria
Market requirements state that Dragon Fruit on arrival should be physically mature, firm, free from fungal, insect, skin splitting, punctures, dirt and bruise damage. It should also achieve at least 70% red coloration on it’s body.

Cardboard boxes are normally used. The fruit is wrapped individually in paper and packed in one single box. Generally 20 pieces per box with total weight of around 4 to 5 kg.

The dragon fruit plant

The dragon fruit plant with its' flower buds

Market Price in Malaysia
RM3.00 each for the White variety
RM5.00 each for the Red variety

Availability of fruits

Fruits are generally available on special request at wholesale price but production volume are limited as it is still under experimental cultivation.


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